What it is:
How it works/Example:
Book value is calculated by taking a company's physical assets (including land, buildings, computers, etc.) and subtracting out intangible assets (such as patents)and liabilities -- including preferred stock, debt, and accounts payable. The value left after this calculation represents what the company is intrinsically worth.
Thus, book value is calculated:
Book value = total assets - intangible assets - liabilities
Why it matters:
Since book value represents the intrinsic net worth of a company, it is a helpful tool for inv