Treasury Market

Written By
Paul Tracy
Updated July 4, 2021

What is a Treasury Market?

The Treasury market is where the United States government raises money by issuing debt.

The U.S. Treasury currently markets four types of debt instruments: Treasury Bills, Treasury Notes, Treasury Bonds and Treasury Inflation Protected Securities (TIPS)

How Does a Treasury Market Work?

The U.S. Department of the Treasury has created a website, TreasuryDirect (click here for our guide on how to use TreasuryDirect, and here to visit the site) where it sells its debt instruments via a Dutch auction.

In 2009, the Treasury conducted 280 auctions, raising approximately $8.6 trillion.    

Why Does a Treasury Market Matter?

The market for U.S. Treasury instruments is a very important factor in determining market conditions. These instruments are seen as virtually risk-free, since investors assume a United States debt default is highly unlikely. The interest rates on Treasury debt sets the baseline risk-free rate that almost all other interest rates (corporate bond yields, mortgage rates, credit card rates, etc.) is built on. Both the global debt market and the global stock market watch the Treasury market very closely.

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