What is the U.S. Department of the Treasury?
The United States Department of the Treasury protects and manages many American economic and financial systems. The Secretary of the Treasury is the Chief Financial Officer of the U.S. government and is the President's main economic advisor.
How Does the U.S. Department of the Treasury Work?
The U.S. Treasury is organized into two major components: departmental offices and operating bureaus. The departmental offices formulate economic policy and manage the department itself. The operating bureaus carry out Treasury assignments and employ 98% of all Treasury employees. The Treasury's basic functions include:
- Management of the federal budget;
- Collection of taxes, duties, and other money owed to the U.S. and payment of bills owed by the U.S.;
- Production of postage stamps, currency, and coins;
- Management of government accounts and the public debt;
- Supervision of national banks and thrift institutions;
- Advising others on fiscal, monetary, economic, trade, and tax policy;
- Enforcement of federal finance and tax laws; and
- Investigation and prosecution of tax evasion, counterfeit crimes, and forgery.
The U.S. Treasury also manages the issuance of T-bills, T-notes, and T-bonds.
The Secretary of the Treasury is the chairman pro tempore of the President's Economic Policy Council, is chairman of the boards and managing trustee of the Social Security and Medicare trust funds, and is the U.S. governor of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the Inter-American Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
Why Does the U.S. Department of the Treasury Matter?
The U.S. Treasury is tasked with maintaining the financial security of the United States and preventing financial crises. This responsibility includes promoting the administration's economic agenda both domestically and internationally. As such, the U.S. Treasury formulates and recommends many of the crucial economic, financial, and tax policies that greatly influence domestic and foreign economies.
Personalized Financial Plans for an Uncertain Market
In today’s uncertain market, investors are looking for answers to help them grow and protect their savings. So we partnered with Vanguard Advisers -- one of the most trusted names in finance -- to offer you a financial plan built to withstand a variety of market and economic conditions. A Vanguard advisor will craft your customized plan and then manage your savings, giving you more confidence to help you meet your goals. Click here to get started.
Read This Next
A money crisis can occur in the blink of an eye – and most aren’t predictable. COVID-19 is a perfect example of an unforeseen circumstance that caused massive personal finance issues for...Read More →
Looking for a high-yield investment that is also designed to protect you from...Read More →