What Is a Financial Risk Manager (FRM)?
Issued by the Global Association of Risk Professionals (GARP), the Financial Risk Manager (FRM) designation recognizes individuals who have expert knowledge in the field of financial risk assessment for banks, insurance companies, accounting firms, regulatory agencies, asset and wealth management firms, and other financial institutions.
Candidates must successfully complete a two-part exam that focuses on the primary strategic disciplines of financial risk management which include: market risk, credit risk, operational risk, and investment management. They are expected to understand the concepts and approaches used in financial risk management applications. Candidates must also have two years of professional work experience in financial risk management.
FRM Exam and Certification
The exam consists of two parts.
The first part covers the basic concepts required to assess financial risk such as foundations of risk management, quantitative analysis, financial markets and products, and risk models.
The second portion of the exam reviews practical applications of those concepts which include market risk measurement and management, credit risk measurement and management, operational and integrated risk management, risk management in investment management, and current issues in financial markets.
GARP issues a study guide for the exam. Part One has an average pass rate of 44.5%. The average pass rate for Part Two is higher at 55.2%.
FRM vs. CFA
The main difference between the FRM and the CFA (chartered financial analyst) designation is the typical career path of designees. The CFA designation is useful for a career in investment banking, portfolio management, or investment research. An FRM designee is most likely to work in banking or institutional risk management, or for regulatory agencies or risk assessment consulting firms.
The program requirements are also different. The CFA program requires passing a three-part exam, and completing four years of work experience and/or education in the financial profession, as well as a Bachelor’s degree. The FRM program requires passing a two-part exam, and completing two years of professional experience. The FRM curriculum is more focused on risk management, while the CFA curriculum covers a broader range of financial expertise. Both designations are recognized globally.
Personalized Financial Plans for an Uncertain Market
In today’s uncertain market, investors are looking for answers to help them grow and protect their savings. So we partnered with Vanguard Advisers -- one of the most trusted names in finance -- to offer you a financial plan built to withstand a variety of market and economic conditions. A Vanguard advisor will craft your customized plan and then manage your savings, giving you more confidence to help you meet your goals. Click here to get started.
Read This Next
Investors have a wide variety of tools and tactics to help extract profits from the markets. The majority of these tools boil down to two distinct categories: fundamental...Read More →
Everyone understands a higher interest rate on a mortgage means you'll pay more...Read More →
I like school as much as the next investor, and there's nothing wrong with learning history, languages, the arts and more. But for lifelong success and...Read More →
As the Olympic torch blazed during the opening ceremonies in London, athletes were dreaming of all things gold -- plus, if we're being honest, all the cash that...Read More →