Definitions Starting with "Z"

Z

Z is an extension to a ticker symbol. It denotes that the security is either a special class of preferred stock, a stub security, represents a limited partnership interest or is a special class of warrants. Read more

Z-Bond

A Z-bond is a bond representing the last tranche of a bond that relies on payments from underlying securities. To understand how Z-bonds work, it's important to understand how they're created. Read more

Z-Score

The Z-score is a financial statistic that measures the probability of bankruptcy.   The Z-score is used to predict the likelihood that a company will go bankrupt. Read more

Z-share

Z-shares are shares of mutual funds for the employees of those mutual funds. For example, let's say John Doe works in the human resources department of the XYZ Fund Co. Read more

Z-Tranche

A Z-tranche is the last tranche of a bond that relies on payments from underlying securities. To understand how Z-tranches work, it's important to understand how they're created. Read more

Zero Balance Account

A zero-balance account, sometimes called a "ZBA," is a business-oriented bank account that usually has a balance of $0. Let's say restaurant company XYZ keeps its cash in a checking account. Read more

Zero Based Budgeting

Zero based budgeting (ZBB) is a budgeting method that involves starting with $0 and adding only enough money in the budget to cover expected costs. There are many ways to create company budgets. Read more

Zero Beta Portfolio

A zero-beta portfolio is a portfolio built with zero systematic risk. The investments comprised in a zero-beta portfolio are chosen in such a way that the portfolio's value does not fluctuate as a result of market movements. Read more

Zero Capital Gains Rate

A zero capital gains rate is a 0% tax on gains from the sale of assets and property sold in an enterprise zone. For example, downtown ABCTown has decayed over the last 10 years. Read more

Zero Cost Collar

A zero cost collar is a short-term option trading strategy that offsets the volatility risk by purchasing a cap and a floor for the price of a derivative. A zero cost collar strategy would combine the purchase of a put option (i. Read more

Zero Coupon Bond

A zero coupon bond is a bond that makes no periodic interest payments and therefore is sold at a deep discount from its face value.

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Zero Layoff Policy

A zero-layoff policy is a company policy that prohibits laying off employees. Let's assume Company XYZ is an organic grocery chain that has a zero layoff policy. Read more

Zero Minus Tick

Also called a zero downtick, a zero minus tick is a trade that occurs at the same price as the trade preceding it but lower than the last trade at a different price. A zero minus tick is the opposite of a zero plus tick. Read more

Zero Plus Tick

Also called a zero uptick, a zero plus tick is a trade that occurs at the same price as the trade preceding it but higher than the last trade at a different price. A zero plus tick is the opposite of a zero minus tick. Read more

Zero-Bound

Zero-bound is a scenario in which the Federal Reserve lowers interest rates to zero or near zero. Traders sometimes also use the term to describe stocks that seem to be quickly losing value. Read more

Zero-Lot-Line House

A zero-lot-line house is a house whose structure goes right up the edge of the property line. Let's say John Doe buys a tiny tenth-of-an-acre lot and decides to build a house on it. Read more

Zero-Rated Goods

Zero-rated goods are goods that aren't subject to value-added (VAT) tax. A value added tax (VAT) is a consumption tax added to a product's sales price. Read more

Zero-Sum Game

In finance, a zero-sum game refers to trades or investments in which one investor gains when another investor loses. Futures and options trading is generally a zero-sum game; that is, if somebody makes a million dollars, somebody else loses a million dollars. Read more

ZEW Economic Sentiment

The ZEW Economic Sentiment is a monthly survey of economic sentiment in Germany. (The acronym stands for Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung GmbH, or Centre for European Economic Research. Read more

Zombie Bank

A zombie bank is a bank with liabilities that exceed its assets (in other words, it has a net worth of zero). They do not die (hence the nickname) because they receive government support or bailouts. Read more

Zombie Company

A zombie company is a firm that continues to operate even though its liabilities exceed its assets (in other words, it has a net worth of zero). Let's say Bank XYZ has $1 billion in assets (loans it has made to customers) and $2 billion in liabilities (delinquent loans, interest payments due to customers, debt it may have borrowed, etc. Read more

Zombie Debt

Zombie debt is debt that won't die.   Let's say John Doe ran up a $10,000 credit card bill in his 20s. Read more

Zoning

Zoning is a method of determining how people can use land and buildings within a certain area. Zoning typically delineates areas within a town acceptable for residential construction, commercial construction, industrial construction and agricultural space. Read more

Zoning Ordinance

A zoning ordinance is a rule regarding how people can use land and buildings within a certain area. Zoning ordinances typically delineate acceptable areas within a town for residential construction, commercial construction, industrial construction and agricultural space. Read more