Definitions Starting with "123"

10 Bagger

A 10 bagger is a term used to describe an investment (such as stock) that increases in value by 10 times its initial purchase price. More simply, 10 bagger stocks are investments that have a 1000% return on investment (ROI). Read more

10-K

The objective of the 10-K and other SEC-required forms is to provide shareholders and prospective shareholders with accurate, relevant, and timely information about the financial and operating performance of the company. The 10-K is just one of many forms a company that is publicly traded in the U. Read more

10-Q

A 10-Q is a report of a company's performance that must be submitted quarterly by all public companies to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) A 10-Q contains similar information as a 10-K, but is not as comprehensive. A 10-Q must be submitted at the end of the first 3 quarters of a company's fiscal year, while a 10-K is submitted at the end of the 4th quarter. Read more

100-Day Moving Average

The 100-day moving average is a popular technical indicator which investors use to analyze price trends. It is simply a security's average closing price over the last 100 days. Read more

1031 Exchange

A 1031 exchange is a real estate transaction in which the buyer and seller effectively swap properties in order to avoid paying capital gains tax on the sale. For example, let’s assume that John Doe wants to sell his commercial property for $600,000, which he bought for $400,000 as an investment. Read more

12b-1 Fee

A 12b-1 fee is a fee assessed by a mutual fund to its shareholders. The fees cover the fund's marketing expenses and are named after the section of the Investment Company Act of 1940 that makes them legal. Read more

13-F

The Form 13-F must be filed by institutional investors who exercise discretion over at least $100 million in investments. Data reported on this form include the names of investment managers, the names and class of securities they manage, the CUSIP number, the number of shares owned, and the total market value of each security. Read more

150-Day Moving Average

The 150-day moving average is a popular technical indicator which investors use to analyze price trends. It is simply a security's average closing price over the last 150 days. Read more

200-Day Moving Average

The 200-day moving average is a popular technical indicator which investors use to analyze price trends. It is simply a security's average closing price over the last 200 days. Read more

30-Day Annualized Yield

The 30-day annualized yield is a measure of the yearly rate paid to investors of an interest-bearing account, based on the returns earned in a 30-day period.   The 30-day annualized yield is a measure of return usually used for mutual funds. Read more

401(k) Plan

A 401(k) plan is a tax-deferred salary savings plan that companies can offer their employees as a retirement account. A 401(k) plan meets the tax-deferral requirements of Section 401(k) of the IRS tax code, hence its name. Read more

403(b) Retirement Plan

A 403(b), commonly referred to as a Tax-Deferred Annuity (TDA) or Tax-Sheltered Annuity (TSA) plan, is a retirement savings plan available to employees of certain public education organizations, non-profit employers and cooperative hospital service organizations, as well as to self-employed ministers.   Organizations offer 403(b) tax-deferred retirement plans to eligible employees to allow for long-term investment growth, similar to a 401(k) plan. Read more

50 Day Moving Average

The 50-day moving average (also referred to as “50 DMA” is a popular technical indicator used by investors to analyze price trends. It’s simply a security's average closing price over the previous 50 days. Read more

52-Week High

The 52-week high refers to the highest market price of a given security over a 52-week (one year) period. If you observe the market prices for a given security during a specific period of time, there will be a price that is the highest price over that time period. Read more

52-Week High/Low

The 52-week high and low refers to the highest and lowest market prices of a given security over a 52-week (one year) period. If you observe the market prices for a given security during a specific period of time, there will be a price that is higher than all others and a price that is lower than all others. Read more

52-Week Low

The 52-week low refers to the lowest market price of a security over a 52-week (one year) time span. If you observe the market prices for a given security during a specific period of time, there will be a price that is lower than all others. Read more

7-Day Annualized Yield

The 7-day annualized yield is a measure of the yearly rate paid to investors of an interest-bearing account, based on the returns earned in a 7-day period.   The formula is: 7-Day Annualized Yield = ((A-B-C)/B) x 365/7 Where: A = The value of an account at the end of the 7-day period B = The value of an account at the beginning of the 7-day period C = A proportional week's worth of fees (if fund fees vary with the size of the account, assume the account is equal to the fund's mean or median account size) Let's assume Company XYZ money market fund needs to calculate its 7-day annualized return. Read more

80-20 Rule

The 80-20 rule, also known as the Pareto Principle, states that 80% of outcomes arise from 20% of inputs. The idea is applied in business and economics to identify and prioritize the most productive or problematic inputs to maximize value or minimize cost. Read more