What is SEC Form 10-Q?

SEC Form 10-Q is a quarterly performance report that public companies must submit to the SEC.

How Does SEC Form 10-Q Work?

The 10-Q is just one of many forms a company that is publicly traded in the U.S. must file with the SEC. The main components include:

  • Management's discussion and analysis of the company financial statements

  • Financial statements for the quarter (unaudited)

  • Notes to the financial statements

Why Does SEC Form 10-Q Matter?

The 10-Q provides an intermittent snapshot of how a company did over the previous three months. This allows investors to keep tabs on a company's progress during the year rather than being subjected to surprises at the end of the fiscal year, when the company files its 10-K.

SEC regulations S-X and S-K (as well as the instructions to the 10-Q form itself) dictate the specific elements, presentation and disclosure requirements of the 10-Q. Companies typically file their 10-Qs within 45 days of the end of the quarter, though this varies with the size of the company in accordance with SEC rules.

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Paul Tracy
Paul Tracy

Paul has been a respected figure in the financial markets for more than two decades. Prior to starting InvestingAnswers, Paul founded and managed one of the most influential investment research firms in America, with more than 3 million monthly readers.

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