Dynamic Asset Allocation
What it is:
Dynamic asset allocation is anstrategy whereby an investor makes long-term in certain classes or securities and periodically buys and sells those securities in order to keep the allocations in their original proportions.
How it works/Example:
Let’s assume you have $100,000 to invest. Based on your circumstances, risk aversion, goals and tax situation, you bonds, $10,000 in , and $10,000 in . Thus, 50% of the portfolio is in stocks, 30% is in bonds, 10% is in real estate, and 10% is in cash. As time passes, the stocks in the portfolio might rise so much in value that the weighting increases from 50% to 70% and consequently reduces the proportion of the other classes in the portfolio.
In this situation, the investor might sell some of the stocks or purchase securities in other asset classes in order to bring the portfolio back to the original weighting. If the investor reweights the portfolio frequently, say every three months, then the investor is said to engage in , tactical asset allocation, or . In both types of rebalancing approaches, the investor must consider whether the effort and additional transaction costs increase returns. However, if the investor refrains from rebalancing the portfolio at all, effectively leaving the to do what they may, the investor is practicing a true buy and hold strategy.
Why it matters:
Many experts believe that what an investor buys or sells is more important than when he or she buys or sells it. This is the essence of asset allocation determined a portfolio’s returns rather than the specific securities chosen.
A dynamic asset allocation strategy is a mix of active and . On one hand the investor keeps a consistent, allocation and does not alter that based on short-term swings or fads. On the other hand, the investor buys and sells securities in his portfolio occasionally in order to keep the portfolio aligned with the original weightings.
Dynamic asset allocation is often cheaper than active trading. It can have if the long-term capital at a lower rate than short-term capital gains. Also, the strategy requires less in trading commissions and advisory fees, which often force investors to have higher return requirements to compensate for these extra costs.