What it is:
In finance, to dehedge is to engage in anstrategy that does not protect an or portfolio against loss. It usually involves securities that move in the same direction.
How it works (Example):
One way is to buy defensive stocks might be from the food, utility, or other industries that sell products that consumers consider basic necessities. During economic slumps, these stocks tend to gain or at least hold their value. Thus, these stocks may gain when your XYZ shares lose.. These
Another way to hedge is to purchase a put option contract on the shares (this would essentially allow you to "lock in" a particular sale price on XYZ, so even if the crashed, you wouldn't suffer much). You could also sell a futures contract, promising to sell your stock at a set price at a certain point in the future.
When you dehedge, you get rid of the defensive stocks and the put options.
Why it Matters:
Dehedging is like letting an insurance policy expire. Usually, investors only do this when they are sure a security will go in a certain direction and they want to participate in 100% of the without a strategy offsetting some of those returns. However, should a or portfolio take an unforeseen turn, the losses could be unlimited.