Tax Court

Written By
Paul Tracy
Updated July 28, 2021

What is Tax Court?

Tax court is a court of law in which administrative law judges manage disputes between taxpayers and the IRS.

How Does Tax Court Work?

The tax court handles a wide variety of tax matters but does not have a jury system. Article I of the U.S. Constitution established the court, which is composed of 19 presidentially appointed members. There are branches of U.S. tax court in many large cities.

Small cases are called S Cases, which usually begin with a taxpayer receiving a Notice of Deficiency from the IRS. This is also called a 90-Day Letter because the taxpayer generally has 90 days to either pay or petition for small tax court. Larger cases may move to "Regular Tax Court" or even the U.S. Court of Federal Claims. As is the case in the American court system, the person petitioning the court has the burden of proof. If that person is the taxpayer, this means that he or she must prove that the IRS is wrong.

Why Does Tax Court Matter?

It is important for taxpayers to have some form of redress against taxing authorities, though taking a case through tax court is not a quick or easy process.

Ask an Expert
All of our content is verified for accuracy by Paul Tracy and our team of certified financial experts. We pride ourselves on quality, research, and transparency, and we value your feedback. Below you'll find answers to some of the most common reader questions about Tax Court.
Be the first to ask a question

If you have a question about Tax Court, then please ask Paul.

Ask a question

Paul has been a respected figure in the financial markets for more than two decades. Prior to starting InvestingAnswers, Paul founded and managed one of the most influential investment research firms in America, with more than 2 million monthly readers.

If you have a question about Tax Court, then please ask Paul.

Ask a question Read more from Paul

Read this next

Paul Tracy - profile
Ask an Expert about Tax Court

By submitting this form you agree with our Privacy Policy

Don't Know a Financial Term?
Search our library of 4,000+ terms