Residual Income Model
What it is:
Also called the abnormal stock prices.valuation model, the residual income model is a method for predicting
How it works/Example:
In this theory, every book value per share if investors expect the company to earn a "normal" rate of return in the future. The decisions of management -- and the earnings results -- are what make a worth more or less than that book value .is worth the company's
So, for instance, if the book value per share of Company XYZ is $5, then any unexpected financial results -- that is, any residual income -- make the price deviate from that $5 mark. Those unexpected results are attributable to the management -- either it is underdelivering or overdelivering profits to the shareholders -- and indicate that the company is not going to earn a "normal" rate of return in the future. If Company XYZ begins reporting earnings per share for the quarter that are above Wall Street expectations, then management essentially gets the for any increase in the above that book value per share threshold. Likewise, if Company XYZ reports lower-than-expected earnings per share, then management also get the blame for any decrease in the below book value per share.
Why it matters:
The primary philosophy behind the residual income model is that the portion of a's price that is above or below is attributable to the expertise of the company's management. Accordingly, it becomes a handy tool for calculating what the "real" value of a is. It is important to , however, that should pay special attention to incorporating changes in per share caused by share buybacks and other unusual events that may distort the analysis.