Quick Assets

Written By:
Paul Tracy
Updated October 20, 2020

What are Quick Assets?

Quick assets are assets that can be converted to cash quickly. Typically, they include cash, accounts receivable, marketable securities, and sometimes (not usually) inventory.

How Do Quick Assets Work?

For example, let's say that Company XYZ has $60,000 in cash, $40,000 in receivables, and $10,000 in marketable securities. We would say that Company XYZ has $110,000 in quick assets.

Why Do Quick Assets Matter?

Quick assets are a key part of the quick ratio, which is a measure of whether and how well a company can pay its short-term financial liabilities. The ratio is often called the acid-test ratio. The primary formula for quick ratio is:

(Cash + Marketable Securities + Accounts Receivable)/Current Liabilities

For example, here is some information about XYZ Company:

Using the primary quick ratio formula and the information above, we can calculate that XYZ Company’s quick ratio is:

($60,000 + $10,000 + $40,000)/$65,000  = 1.692
This means that for every dollar of XYZ Company’s current liabilities, XYZ Company had $1.69 of very liquid assets to pay those liabilities.

A common rule of thumb is that a quick ratio of 1-to-1 or greater means a company can pay its current liabilities.