What is a Maturity Date?
Maturity date refers to the date on which the principal and interest associated with a debt security must be repaid to the holder in its entirety.
How Does a Maturity Date Work?
Debt instruments such as bonds, CDs, and commercial paper are issued with a lifespan that terminates on a specific date, known as the maturity date. The maturity date represents the point at which the issuing party must return the principal or par value associated with the security, in addition to all unpaid interest.
Say an investor bought a bond issued at $100 with a maturity date of April 1, 2025. In most circumstances, until that date the bond will trade and make regular interest payments to the investor.
If the bond is held until April 1, 2025, then on that date the borrower will pay the investor any remaining interest payments plus return the bond's principal amount.
Why Does a Maturity Date Matter?
The maturity date defines the lifespan of an interest-bearing security and designates the time at which the issuer (borrower) must repay the principal and interest to the holder (lender). Once the maturity date passes and interest and principal have been repaid, the contractual obligations of the issuer are terminated.