Just In Case (JIC)
What it is:
Just In Case (JIC) is an inventory-management method whereby materials, goods and even labor are on hand so they are there when needed in the production process. The method is generally the opposite of the Just in Time (JIT) method, whereby materials, goods and even labor are scheduled to arrive or be replenished only exactly when needed in the production process.
How it works/Example:
JIC is a traditional inventory-management system referred to as a "push" system, whereas JIT is often referred to as a "pull" system.
JIC is helpful because it avoids a crisis if demand is higher than expected. In order to employ JIC effectively, however, a company must still forecast demand. JIC also allows companies to more options compared to companies that use JIT (which relies heavily on standardization for efficiency).
JIC incurs the added expense of housing idle materials and can increase the costs associated with defective products, wasted space, extra equipment, overtime, repair and scrap.
JIT works best for companies using repetitive manufacturing functions: Hospitals, small companies and other entities may find JIC much more feasible.
Why it matters:
The JIC method is controversial because it requires companies to keep more on hand, which incurs loss risks, storage costs and other expenses. It may also getting fewer volume-buying discounts, but it ensures that the company can almost always fill an order and it is less exposed to work stoppages from suppliers.