Government Accounting Office (GAO)
What it is:
Founded in 1921, the Government Accounting Office (GAO) is an independent, nonpartisan agency that studies how the federal government spends.
How it works/Example:
The head of the GAO is the Comptroller General of the United States. Congress creates a list of candidates to head the GAO, and then the President selects and appoints one of those candidates to the post. Congress must confirm the candidate before he or she can assume the duties as head of the GAO.
The GAO’s job is to ensure that the federal government is accountable to the American people. Congressional committees or subcommittees often request certain research and reporting, though much of the GAO’s work is mandated by federal law.
In particular, the GAO audits government agencies to determine if those agencies are spending efficiently, investigates allegations of improper activities, reports on how well government programs meet their goals, analyzes proposed policies for Congress, and legal decisions and opinions about certain ruling and reports.