What it is:
How it works/Example:
To illustrate, suppose a company has been approved for a $1 million loan from a bank. However, this money will not be available for six months, and they are running short on cash. The company could apply for a six-month bridge loan of $50,000 to cover their expenses until the money from the $1 million loan comes through.
Why it matters:
Often, businesses and individuals find themselves in need of fast funding during an interim period while they work out access to larger amounts of funds. The bridge loan essentially "bridges" the gap between when money runs out and when more money will be received.
The cost of bridge loans is often much higher than more traditional financing methods, and they are only meant to be used in special circumstances. If a company must rely on short-term, high-interest financing to continue operations, chances are good that the company is not viable in the long run.