When I received my MBA 20 years ago, I thought I was pretty well versed in the world of finance. But when I got tothat summer, I was quickly overwhelmed.
A litany of phrases were tossed out that I never read about in my finance textbooks. Here's just a small sample ofphrases that they never talked about in b-school.
1. "I'm looking for theto from here."
Translation: I expect this downgrade from "buy" to "neutral" or "hold." Such downgrades actually a stock is very unappealing and bound to fall in price. use that code to avoid the dreaded "sell" , which can alienate them from the companies they follow.to start falling and wouldn't want to buy it. This is a similar sentiment to a
2. "I smell a secondary."
If there is a good chance that a share offering price to entice investors. And any deal that is priced below the current stock price invariably pull the stock price down to the new lower level.is coming, many investors quickly sell their holdings. That's because lining up demand for fresh at current prices is often difficult, leading a company to lower its
3. "Those spreads willyou."
The difference between the bid and ask prices for a stock (known as a trading spread) are established by market makers (on the market maker or specialist. That's why some investors will only seek out with tight spreads, usually two cents or less.) or specialists (on the New York and American Stock Exchanges). Smaller companies are often subject to low trading volumes, and without a of action, market makers and specialists are content to keep those spreads far apart, sometimes by a nickel or a dime. And that spread can act like a tax, robbing you of when it comes time to sell the stock back to the
4. "The deal is instantly."
Ever notice how a stock will sometimes fall sharply when a company announces a major acquisition? That's because investors express concern that the deal will lead to too many new shares being issued (which can dilute per share profits), or the acquisition will be hard to integrate into a company's existing operations (known as "acquisition indigestion.")
Yet some deals hold instant appeal, simply because the acquisition is expected to boost profits at a faster pace than the share count grows. This is known as an "accretive" (rather than dilutive) deal and should almost always be welcomed by investors.
5. "You want that in a paired trade."
Analysts can sometimes be enthusiastic about a stock while conceding that the broader industry they follow may hold the same appeal. Indeed an investor exodus from a whole industry or sector can lead to losses in a stock that has comparatively better prospects. So these analysts suggest you invest in the company they recommend but also take a short position in another company in that industry. In effect, you are removing what is known as "upside for a given stock.," "sector risk" or "industry risk" and just focusing on the relative
6. "Theare high quality."
Analysts often speak about the quality of a company's earnings, differentiating between companies that deliver clean, transparent results every quarter, and companies that habitually resort to a series of one-time gains or charges to artificially generate a specific quarterly .
In a similar vein, investors should always steer clear if a company has "one-time" charges or gains every quarter, simply because the practice is misleading. Most of the time, these repeated accounting changes are just a normal part of doing business, and if they constantly recur, then management is trying to slap "lipstick on a pig."
Investors often assess a company's near-term prospects by the directional change in earnings estimates. A rising estimate may signal an imminent good quarter. But as you get closer to the actual earnings release date, such numbers become irrelevant. In the final weeks leading up to earnings announcements, most analysts won't change their formal earnings estimates (which are published on sites such as Yahoo Finance).
Instead, these analysts whisper number, and not the formal earnings estimates that most investors will see.up their favorite clients to privately share their current thinking about expected quarterly results. Pretty soon, these numbers are "whispered" from trading desk to trading desk, and by the time actual results are released, share prices will have responded to the
TheAnswer: It's important to think like an advanced investor, and understanding all of the little tricks of the trade, as embodied in these phrases, will help sharpen your game.
- Create a retirement savings goal
- Design an investment plan to reach it.
- Get a professional money manager to continually monitor and rebalance your portfolio
Sound complicated? Don't stress. Vanguard's new robo advisor service can help you put all of this (and more!) on autopilot, all for an annual gross advisory fee of just 0.20%.