What it is:
How it works (Example):
For example, let's say the founders of Company XYZ want to sell half of their underwriter, which determines the value of the and creates an offering memorandum that discloses important information about the company to potential buyers. The offering price of the is $12. The underwriters then conduct the , which facilitates the sale of the to the public via the exchange.. They need buyers and would like to their to members of the general public. In order to do that, Company XYZ hires an
Why it Matters:
Offerings are a way to raise capital, which is what companies need to grow and access . If a offering is the first of its kind for a company, this is called an initial public offering (or IPO). It is important to that offerings are not limited to stock offerings, however; and a variety of other securities also circulate via offerings. The offering price reflects the price at which the buyers are willing to buy and the sellers are willing to sell, but often the price change immediately after the stock begins trading. A much higher closing price on the first day of trading can suggest whether the company "left on the table" by pricing the offering too cheaply.