The J curve represents a hypothetical short-term increase in a country's trade deficit that occurs immediately following a decline in the value of its currency.

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The J-curve effect refers to a "J" shaped section of a time-series graph in which the curve falls into negative territory and then gradually rises to a higher level than before the decline.

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A jackpot is a big winning -- often the largest a competition or event has to offer.

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The annual Jackson Hole Economic Summit focuses on prominent economic issues that face the U.S. along with the rest of the world.

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The Jackson Hole Economic Symposium, held in Jackson Hole, Wyoming, is a conference focusing on important economic issues that face the United States and the rest of the world.

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JAJO stands for January, April, July, and October -- the four months in which companies are likely to declare dividends. A dividend declaration is an announcement of an upcoming dividend payment,

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The January Effect refers to a pattern exhibited by stocks -- particularly small-cap stocks -- in which they've shown a tendency to rise during the last several trading days in December and then c

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The Japan Credit Rating Agency (JCR) is a credit rating agency in Japan.

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Japanese Housewives, also called Mrs. Watanabe, is a slang term for small, retail investors in Japan.

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Jekyll and Hyde is a term to describe volatile corporate earnings.

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Jensen's measure is a statistical measurement of the portion of a security's or portfolio's return that is not explained by the market or the security's relationship to the market but

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Jingle mail occurs when a property owner sends his/her keys to the mortgage lender because he/she is unable to continue to make payments.

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A jitney is an illegal scheme in which two brokers trade a stock back and forth in order to increase the trading volume and earn commissions. In some circles, a jitney is also scheme in which a broker

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A job footprint describes the variety and scope of functions for a given role in an organization.

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A job lot is a commodities futures contract where the underlying commodity is denominated in smaller amounts than a regular futures contract.

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The job market is the group of individuals seeking employment within an economy.

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The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) is the name of a detailed report on the U.S. job market published each month by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

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Jobber is a slang term for an agent in business, particularly trading.

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Jobless claims refer to the unemployment benefits claims filed by unemployed individuals each week.

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A jobless recovery refers to a sustained economic upturn accompanied by persistent or increasing unemployment levels.

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The Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003 was a bill passed by the U.S. Congress in 2003 as an economic stimulus measure.

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Jobs growth is a U.S. economic indicator that represents the number of new jobs created in a given month.

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JIBAR is a market indicator and a benchmark for various interest rates in South Africa.

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John D. Rockefeller (1839-1937) was the founder of Standard Oil Company and became one of the world's wealthiest people.  Widely regarded as the richest person in American history, Rockefeller's

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A joint account is any type of bank account held by two or more persons.

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Joint and several liability means an obligation to make a payment either together or individually.

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A joint and survivor annuity is an annuity with two named beneficiaries. The annuity provides both beneficiaries with recurring income for life.

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A joint bond is a bond that is backed by an issuer and one or more additional guarantors.

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Joint credit is credit extended by a lender to two or more parties. Loans secured from joint credit are the responsibility of all parties.

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Joint endorsement is a requirement by many banks that checks be endorsed by all parties of a joint account.

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Joint liability refers to the individual and collective obligation of more than one party on a loan.

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A joint life with last survivor annuity is an annuity that provides spouses with income until both spouses have died. The annuity also gives the holder the option to give a portion of the remaining in

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Joint probability is the likelihood of more than one event occurring at the same time.

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A joint return is a tax return filed by two people based on their marital status at the end of the year or at the time of death of either one of the individuals.

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The joint return test is used by the IRS to determine whether or not a taxpayer may be validly claimed as a dependent by another taxpayer. This test also determines whether or not a married taxpayer m

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A joint stock company is a company whose stockholders have the same privileges and responsibilities as an unlimited partnership. 

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Joint supply is the simultaneous output of two or more products from a single process or material.

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Joint tenancy is an arrangement in which two or more individuals occupy a property. Participating tenants each share equally in the rights and responsibilities related to the property.

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Joint tenants in common (JTIC) is a type of ownership wherein two or more individuals jointly own a property or portfolio of assets. If one owner dies, his or her portion of the property or portfolio

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Joint tenants with right of survivorship (JTWROS) is a type of ownership in which all joint owners have equal portions of ownership that are immediately allocated to remaining owners if one owner dies

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A joint venture (JV) is a project or enterprise in which multiple companies or individuals invest. Participants usually share equally in the project's direction and profits.

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A joint-life payout is a retirement-benefit payout method whereby a retiree receives benefits from the retirement plan until he or she dies, and the retiree's spouse or partner then receives benefits

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Jointly and severally is a legal phrase that means two or more persons are fully responsible equally for the liability.

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A Jonestown defense is a tactic to prevent hostile takeovers. It often results in the death of the target.

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The Joseph Effect is a statistical measure that indicates whether certain price movements are part of a long-term trend.

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In the finance world, journal is short for journal entry. It is also short for The Wall Street Journal.

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A judgment is a court order to pay someone else a sum of money or other remedy.

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A judgment lien allows a creditor to take possession of a piece of a debtor's property if the debtor does not pay his or her debts.

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Judgmental credit analysis occurs when a banker approves or denies a credit application based on his or her experience with similar projects rather than the applicant's creditworthiness.  

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A judicial foreclosure occurs when a court allows a lender to seize and sell a borrower's collateral when the borrower has failed to repay the lender. The term is most often associated with real estat

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A jumbo loan, also called a jumbo mortgage, is a mortgage that exceeds the maximum amount that will be guaranteed by a government-sponsored entity like Fannie Mae.

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A jumbo pool is a security backed by mortgages from several issuers.

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A junior accountant is an entry-level accountant. An accountant is a trained, knowledgeable person who performs functions necessary to compile, inspect, interpret, and/or report financial statements a

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In the event of a borrower’s bankruptcy, junior debt is debt that is repaid after the obligations to senior lenders or creditors have been fulfilled. Usually, it also has no collateral.

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Junior equity is an issuance of stock that is subordinate to other stock issued by a company.

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A junior mortgage is a loan secured by the equity in a house. Equity equals the value of the house less the balance owed on the homeowner's first (or in some cases, preceding) mortgages. Junior m

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A junior security is subordinate to other securities issued by a company.

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A junk bond is a fixed-income security that is rated below investment grade by one or more of the major bond ratings agencies. 

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Junk fees appear in mortgage closing documents and usually benefit the loan originator or the lender.

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A Juris Doctor (JD) is a law degree. According to Merriam-Webster, the term first came into use in 1969.

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Jurisdiction risk is the risk of doing business in another country.

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Just compensation is the fair market value that a federal or local government must pay to a property owner in order to seize that private property for public use.

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Just In Case (JIC) is an inventory-management method whereby materials, goods and even labor are on hand so they are there when needed in the production process. The method is generally the opposite o

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Just in time (JIT) is an inventory management method whereby materials, goods, and labor are scheduled to arrive or be replenished exactly when needed in the production process.

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