Cash Flow After Taxes (CFAT)
What it is:
How it works (Example):
The general formula for CFAT is:
Let's assume Company XYZ made $1,000,000 of net income by selling widgets last year. One of its expenses (on the income statement) was $25,000 of depreciation on its equipment. Using the formula above, we can calculate that Company XYZ's CFAT was:
CFAT = $1,000,000 + $25,000 = $1,025,000
Why it Matters:
The biggest reason analysts and investors use CFAT is to determine whether a company has the money to pay a cash dividend or distribution (note that having a positive CFAT does not automatically it's prudent for the company to pay a dividend or distribution).
It is important to note that different industries have different levels of capital intensity (and thus different levels of depreciation and amortization). Thus, comparisons of CFAT are best made among companies within the same industry.