Earnings Before Interest, Taxes and Depreciation (EBITD)
What it is:
accounting decisions, or tax differences.
EBITD is calculated by adding back the non-cash expenses of depreciation to a firm's operating income and then adding . EBITD is not the same as EBITDA (EBITDA adds back amortization).
The formula for EBITD is:
EBITD = EBIT + Depreciation +
How it works/Example:
EBITD is calculated using the company’s income statement. It is not included as a line item, but can be easily derived by using the other line items that must be reported on an income statement.
Let's take a look at a hypothetical income statement for Company XYZ:
As you can see, Company XYZ does not have any (any many companies don't). Using the formula above, Company XYZ's EBITD is:
EBITD = $750,000 + $50,000 + $100,000 = $900,000
Why it matters:
factor in the tax consequences of those decisions. It also excludes any associated with intellectual property such as trademarks and patents, which may be a useful strategy for analysts interested in comparing the performance of companies. This in turn allows investors to focus on operating profitability as a singular measure of performance. Such analysis is particularly important when comparing similar companies across a single industry, and it is more useful for companies operating in different tax brackets. It is less useful, however, when comparing companies with different levels of intellectual .
EBITD, like EBITDA, can be deceptive when applied incorrectly. It is especially unsuitable for firms saddled with high debt loads, those that must frequently upgrade costly equipment, and those involving a of intellectual capital. Furthermore, EBITD can be trumpeted by companies with bad tax strategies in an effort to "window-dress" their profitability. EBITD almost always be higher than reported net income.
Also, because EBITD isn't regulated by GAAP, investors are at the discretion of the company to decide what is, and is not, included in the calculation from one period to the next. Therefore, when analyzing a firm's EBITD, it is best to do so in conjunction with other such as capital expenditures, changes in working capital requirements, debt payments, and, of course, .