How it works (Example):
For example, let's say John and his wife had a baby in 2011. When John files his tax return for the year 2011, he will qualify for a $1,000 child tax credit, which lowers his tax bill by $1,000. In other words, John and his wife get a tax break for having a baby.
There are hundreds of different kinds of tax breaks available to individuals and companies, though these tax breaks are usually only available under certain circumstances. Many tax breaks are not available to taxpayers with high incomes.