## What it is:

The price-to-innovation-adjusted earnings ratio is used to evaluate the price of a company's stock as compared to its earnings when adjusted for the amount the company spends on R&D.

## How it works (Example):

The formula for price-to-innovation-adjusted earnings is:

Price-to-Innovation-Adjusted Earnings = Price per share / (EPS + R&D per share)

For example, let's assume that Company XYZ, a company that designs and manufactures medical devices, earned \$10,000,000 in profits last year. One of its big expenses was R&D, on which it spent \$8,000,000 last year. Company XYZ's 11,000,000 outstanding shares currently trade at \$5 per share.

Using this information, we can calculate that Company XYZ's earnings per share (EPS) equals \$10,000,000 / 11,000,000 = \$0.91. We can also determine that Company XYZ spent \$8,000,000 / 11,000,000 = \$0.73 per share on R&D.

Using the formula above, we can therefore calculate that Company XYZ's price-to-innovation-adjusted earnings is:

\$5 / (\$0.91+\$0.73) = 3.05

## Why it Matters:

Unlike the P/E ratio, the price-to-innovation-adjusted earnings ratio gives investors an idea of how well companies perform absent the expense of innovation. By adding back R&D expenses, the ratio removes the pressures and effects (some would even say penalties) of having to expense R&D costs for which a company may have little to show now but might reap huge benefits from later. In turn, the price-to-innovation-adjusted earnings ratio allows investors and analysts to identify more easily companies that are investing in innovation.

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