What it is:
How it works (Example):
Named for its creator, economist Arthur Laffer, the Laffer curve has a parabolic shape plotted on a graph: Government revenue is displayed on the vertical axis, and the tax rate appears on the horizontal axis.
The shape of the Laffer curve suggests that government revenues diminish with tax rate increases beyond an optimal level denoted as T*. This is based on the theory that beyond a certain tax rate, a country's taxpayers will have a decreasing incentive to work knowing that more and more of their money is being taken by the government. In other words, according to this model, at tax rates approaching 100%, taxpayers will work little, if at all.